How Does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Help Fibromyalgia?
A 2013 article that appeared in European Journal of Pain showed evidence to suggest that ACT can have positive effects on anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, mental health-related quality of life, and pain-related functioning. The study was carried out with 40 fibromyalgia female participants, who attended weekly ACT group sessions over a twelve week period.
Another article published in Arthritis Research & Therapy found evidence that CBT can be effective for catastrophized pain management in fibromyalgia patients. Catastrophizing is defined as the belief by the patient that the pain is or will be of a greater magnitude than what it actually is.
Other research studies have shown that cognitive behavioral therapy for fibromyalgia is correlated with positive outcomes in symptoms like depression, anxiety, fatigue, daily functioning, and sleep. Moreover, there is evidence from research to show that CBT, in particular ACT, are some of the most effective therapies in combating pain, fatigue and brain fog, the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia. To a lesser extent, they have also been credited with minimizing experiences and feelings that lead to loss of control and stress in patients.