Dysphagia refers to a condition characterized by a difficulty in swallowing. There are various conditions that can trigger dysphagia. Someone who suffers from it often finds it difficult to live a normal life. Depending on the condition, the manner of swallowing can become extremely painful. Thus, eating and getting enough nutrients for the body can be a challenge. Fibromyalgia patients often complain about having dysphagia.
What Causes Dysphagia?
There are various reasons why one would suffer from dysphagia. Anything that interrupts with the nerves and muscles responsible for controlling the esophagus can lead to this condition. However, some of the most reported causes are:
• Achalasia– this condition triggers constriction of the muscles of the esophagus.
• Diffuse spasm – a condition involving uncontrollable muscle spasms, usually right after swallowing food.
• GERD or Gastro Intestinal Reflux Disease – this refers to the destruction of the tissues in the esophagus. It is often due to stomach acid flowing into the esophagus.
• Esophageal stricture – narrowing of the esophagus opening as a result of the scar tissues or tumor.