Trauma is the main trigger of fibromyalgia in many sufferers. Hence, psychological treatments may benefit fibromyalgia more than physical treatments. Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective psychological treatment for people suffering from fibromyalgia and other chronic pain illnesses.
What Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is based on the theory that our thoughts can be influenced by our behavior and feelings and vice versa. It is a short term psychological treatment which asserts that as we learn to manipulate our thinking we can change our actions and feelings.
CBT as a therapy is not one singular strategy but rather a combination of several therapeutic techniques that include mindfulness, journaling, relaxation training, and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). ACT helps patients acknowledge their emotions for what they are and, by doing so, make a commitment to act according to what they deem to be their deeply held personal values.
CBT solves problems through a goal-oriented framework that has been evidenced to be effective for improving quality of life for persons with protracted illness. It has been found to be particularly effective for people suffering from fibromyalgia.